Dr. S. Zak Hallock
Dr. S. Zak Hallock
Call Us: 937-296-9672

Common Problems

Learn more about some of the common dental health problems our patients experience.

Tooth Decay and Cavities

Tooth decay is actually a disease. Called “dental caries,” this disease causes serious damage to the enamel of your teeth, eventually causing the enamel to break down and cavities to form.

Decay is almost completely preventable. It is caused by bacteria in your mouth that grow on deposits left on your teeth by food. If the deposits aren’t removed, the bacteria eventual form plaque, which creates acids that destroy your teeth. You can remove food deposits and plaque by regular brushing and flossing.

Sugar is another major cause of decay because it provides the bacteria with a food source. You can lower your risk of tooth decay by cutting back the amount of sugar in your diet.


Over time your teeth can become more sensitive to heat and cold. There are various causes for this, including microscopic cracks in your teeth, receding gums, and worn enamel. These conditions cause the nerve endings in the tooth to be irritated.

Sensitivity can be treated with special toothpastes or by a dentist.

Periodontal Disease (Gum Disease)

Gum disease is caused when bacteria in your mouth infect your gums. Left untreated it can have a serious impact on your dental health, including tooth loss, damage to your bones and gums, and chronic bad breath.

Prevention is key. Like decay, gum disease can easily be prevented by good dental hygiene, including brushing, flossing, and regular professional cleaning to remove tartar.

Bad Breath

Bad breath, or halitosis, can have a significant impact on your life. Regular brushing and flossing to remove food particles, bacteria, and plaque from your mouth can help bad breath. Also, certain foods such as garlic may cause temporary bad breath.

Chronic or severe bad breath can be a sign of gum disease or another oral health problem and should be referred to a dentist.

Canker Sores

Canker sores are small sores that commonly appear on the soft tissues inside your mouth. They usually go away on their own after a week or two, but you can use over the counter canker sore medication or anti microbial mouthwash to treat them.

Crooked Teeth and Overbite

Crooked, misaligned teeth or bite issues such as an over or under bite can be treated with orthodontic treatments such as braces or aligners. Left untreated, these conditions can result in headaches, jaw pain, and damage to your teeth.